Web development is the process of building websites and applications for the internet, or a private network known as an intranet. The person who carries out this process is called a web developer.
The use of the internet increased at the end of the 20th century. Everyone can easily access the internet in today’s world, and a large percentage of people use the internet daily. It is rapidly becoming one of the highest-paid careers globally.
Web developer and their roles
Many people think about learning programming languages and becoming successful web developers. We perceive that those who want to be web developers have questions about the profession. We have gathered a well-detailed guide that focuses on providing solutions for the above problems.
Web development can be divided into three layers: client-side coding (frontend), server-side coding (backend) and database technology.
Let’s take a look at each of these layers in more detail.
It is everything experienced directly by the final user. Frontend code performs in a web browser and directly associate with views by people when visiting websites. Client-side controls contact forms, menus, colours, layout and fonts.
Refers to what happens behind the scenes. The server-side is an invisible part of a website. Storing and organizing data and making sure everything runs smoothly on the side of the client by communicating with the frontend. When activities happen on the side of the client, the browser sends a request to the front of the server. The rear of the server answers with pertinent information in the form of frontend code that is easily interpreted and displayed by the browser.
Websites also rely on database technology. The database comprises all files and information crucial for the functionality of a website. It makes it easier to edit, organize, save and retrieve data. Many sites use some type of relational database management system (RDBMS).
Difference between Web Development and Web Design
Web design and web development are sometimes used interchangeably, but they differ from one another.
Web designers outline the layout of a website by ensuring it’s logical, pleasant and friendly to use. They put into consideration various visual elements such as colour schemes, fonts, buttons, drop-down menus to be used. It also establishes what type of information to be included and placed.
Web design is usually broken into more roles such as User Experience Design, User Interface Design and Information Architecture.
In short, a web designer is an architect, while a web developer is a builder or engineer.
Roles of a Web Developer
A web developer is tasked with the creation and maintenance of websites. They can be freelancers or workhouse, and their roles will differ depending on where they work, be it frontend, backend or full-stack developer. Full-stack developers specialize in both the frontend and backend.
They are accountable for making products that meet both client’s and customer’s needs. They jointly work with stakeholders, clients and designers for the final layout and functionality of a website.
A considerable portion of web development rotates around finding and mending bugs to optimize and upgrade a website continually. They often come up with solutions to make things run well.
All web developers are experienced in particular programming languages. However, different developers will work with varying styles relying on their specific job title and area of specialization. Let’s take a look at the different layers of web development and the associated tasks in more detail.
Roles of a frontend developer
The frontend developer executes the layout of the website, collective and navigational elements such as buttons and scrollbars, images, content and internal links. They are responsible for making sure optimal display across various browsers and devices. They code the website in a way that makes it respond to different screen sizes to enable users to get the same treatment when visiting the website.
They also perform functionality test and repair any arising bugs. They contemplate SEO most excellent practices, keep software workflow management and evolve tools that intensify interrelation with a website in a browser.
Roles of a backend developer
They are responsible for making supporting the needed technology to power the frontend comprising of a server, an application and a database.
The code created by backend developers ensures that everything the frontend developer creates is functioning adequately, and makes sure the server, Application and database are in synchronize with each other. They accomplish this by using server-side languages such as Java. They then use devices such as MySQL, Oracle and SQL Server to locate, save or edit data and convey it to the user in front-end code.
They collaborate with the customer to find out what they want and require. They then accomplish these in various ways, relying on the project’s specifications. The job of backend developers is creation, integration and management of the database, creating server-side software with backend frameworks, commencing and installing content management systems. They also execute their duty with web server technologies, API incorporation and operating systems.
They test and debug any backend elements of a system.
Roles of a full-stack developer
They are people with insights and can work with the frontend and backend. They well specialize in all aspects of the web development process. It means that they have all the experience and knowledge to get hands-on and guides on strategy and practices that are best.
Many of them have gained experience for many years in different roles, making them have a solid grounding in the whole web development area. Full-stack developers are expertise in frontend and backend languages and frameworks, server, network and hosting environments. They are also well-versed in both business logic and user experience. Full-stack developers are also proficient in business logic and the experience of the user.
Web developers may also be proficient in the development of mobile apps such as Android and iOS. iOS developers are tasked with making that functions in the iOS operating system. Apple devices use it. They are coherent in Swift, a programming language created by Apple for their apps.
Android developers build apps that are compatible with all Android devices, such as Samsung smartphones. Java is the official programming language for Android.
Programming Languages, Libraries and Frameworks
To make website and apps, web developers work hand in hand with languages, libraries and frameworks. Let us discuss these aspects in a detailed way and other devices used by developers in their daily duties
They are the building blocks used by programmers to make websites, apps and software. These are forms that There are all different types of languages, including programming languages, markup languages, style sheet languages and database languages.
It is a set of instructions and commands that tells a computer to produce a definite result. Programers use them in writing source code. It is easy to read and understand since programmers use high- level languages, logical words and symbols. High-level languages can be divided into compiled or interpreted languages.
Compiled high-level languages include C++ and Java. They are stored in a text-based format comprehensible for programmers and not the computers. The computer is supposed to be converted to a low-level language such as machine codes for it to run the source code. They are mainly used to make software applications.
Interpreted languages include Perl and PHP. They are not supposed to be compiled. Source code is run to an interpreter — a software whose work is to read and perform system. They are mainly used for running scripts; for example, those used to produce information for dynamic websites.
Low-level languages can be directly recognized by and performed on the computer hardware. They are not supposed to be elucidated or transferred. Examples of low-level languages include machine and assembly languages.
Their main aim is to text file formatting specification. It informs the software displaying the text on how it should be formatted. They are fully readable by the eye. Mark up tags are invisible in the final output. The most liked languages are HyperText Markup Language( HTML), and its work is making websites. It outlines the view of the document in a browser when putting in a plain text document.
Style sheet languages
It refers to a set of stylistic rules. The primary use is to style documents written in markup languages.
Put into consideration a document in HTML and styled using CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), a style sheet language. The content and structure of the web page are the primary responsibilities of HTM in this context. CSS ascertains the visual presentation of the material. Other uses of CSS is to insert colours, change fonts, insert backgrounds and borders, style forms and optimizing web pages for responsive design making sure they adjust the layout to the device being used by the user.
Languages are used to build and maintain databases. Their usage is to keep large data volumes. Social media platforms such as Facebook use databases to keep user profile data. When a person overhauls their profile, the database of the app will get repaired also.
They aren’t build to interpret the same languages programmed in the apps. It’s necessary to be with a language that is understandable to them, for example, SQL, a standard language for retrieving and controlling relational databases. SQL is referred to as Structured Query Language. It comprises its markup. It permits programmers to execute their duties with a database system’s data.
Libraries and frameworks
Web developers also work with libraries and frameworks. They are not the same, but they make the developer’s work easy. They are necessary to set for prewritten code. Libraries are small and their usage is for specific cases.
A library entails a group of useful codes, put together for reusing later on. Their principal aim of a library is to allow developers to reach the same end goal while writing less code to get there.
A framework entails ready-made components and materials that permit the writing of the code quicker by the developer. Most of the frameworks involve libraries. It provides a structure to work from by developer and framework to choose will hugely give the developer a structure to work from. The framework chosen to execute your duty will hugely command the way a website or app is made. Bootstrap, Rails and Angular are examples of the most liked frameworks.
Other web development tools
Web developers will also use a text editor, such as Atom, Sublime or Visual Studio Code for code writing; a web browser for example Chrome or Firefox and a majorly vital tool Git.
Git is a version control system where developers can keep and control their code. Web developers unpreventable make persistent changes to the code you have. A tool such as Git allows web developers to trail these changes and reverse them if they are really important. Git makes it easy to execute their duties with various teams and to control many projects at once. Git has developed to become such a the main globally of web development that it’s now viewed really not a good practice not to use it.
GitHub is another well-liked tool, a cloud interface for Git. GitHub gives all the version manage functionality of Git. It has got its own characteristics such as bug tracking, task management and project wikis. It hosts repositories and offers developers comprehensive tools that make it easy to get along with the best practices for coding. It is said to be the place to be for open-source projects, and also offers a plan for web developers to portray the skills they have.
How to become a web developer
It’s a tensile field in the profession. It gives prospective people many ways to obtain the coaching essential to start their careers. Below are guides of people who are interested to be web developers on what they should do.
Arm yourself with Education
You can be a web developer with or without a formal education. There is more to web development than coding. People who execute coding skills on a broader perspective have an edge. This is where precise education assists developers obtain foundational information about web development principles, and practices lead them to project management and cases that need problem-solving and inspire critical thinking.
Obtain Technical Skills
Put your Coding Skills into Practise
To learn, you must be able to do. Web developers must be able to set up a Github account and push codes to the site. It can gain the attention of employers looking through many different resumes and shows both what an applicant can do to answer programming problems and the thoughts and strategies behind the solutions. The coding practice using Git enables web developers to prepare to perform their duty as part of a team. They also control the complex site and creation of applications.
Build an Online Portfolio
Create a portfolio to showcase the successful site and Application that you were able to make. These enable employers to know what is a task you may be able to perform. A portfolio helps developers test new technologies and tools. They can show their talent in coding and technical capabilities. The best portfolios assists applicants go through that critical first hurdle of getting a job interview.
How To Get Your First Web Developer Job:
getting your first job as a web developer can be heard whether you taught yourself or you have an educational background on the same. You’ve got the skills to do the job, but you should first know how to communicate with the hiring manager, how to be the best during the interview and to make sure you are called for the meeting at first
We will show you how to land a job as a web developer
. How to obtain significant experience that will assist in landing a job?
Majority of the employers requires you to have lots of experience, but how will you gain it without a job?.
For web developers, there are many ways to gain experience by putting your skills to good use. The following is how you use your skills before being officially hired.
Working without expecting anything in return is the best way to acquire experience and add intriguing projects to your portfolio. You will be getting your prized expertise as well as giving back something to society. It’s a win-win situation for your collection.
Freelancing work will assist you to create credibility when trying to set up yourself as a genuine web developer. Build your gigs on sites such as Fiverr and Upwork for projects. Approach and ask smaller firms if they can use your services. This conveys a clear message to employers that you are proficient in different skills that you are ready to put into use.
Open source projects
They comprise source codes found in public that can be modified by any person. They are the best for new developers and are the best for modern web developers. Convert your skills into practice. It provides a chance to toil jointly with other developers. Open source projects are widely found on Github.
Don’t stop building
Utilize your skills well. Put them into action to persuade people that you are ready for the job. It is crucial to keep getting knowledge and building. The more the projects, the more you will be able to showcase and talk about in the interview room; be it voluntary, freelance or open source.
Where to look for web development jobs?
As much as you are obtaining the necessary expertise, you need to have a solid strategy for looking for a job. It is a vast field, and there are many different channels you can follow. Put into consideration what you want to find and use it to streamline your search before commencing browsing for posts.
Tailor your job search
The searching must be anchored to both your existing skills and future goals. If you want to emphasize backend development, it will be sensible to apply for backend roles. If you have plans to diversify to frontend development at a later stage, check for parts that might be suitable for you.
Have thoughts about the kind of setting you want to toil in. Before you commence searching, put into consideration the following:
- The specific part of web development you want to emphasize.
- Where you will succeed, be it in a startup surrounding or at home in a big company.
- If you want to be part of a huge or smaller team.
- Companies and products you are passionate about
- If you can travel or relocate.
You are knowing and having knowledge of what you need to make your job search more efficient.
Useful web development job portals
It is easy now to get roles that are suitable since you know what you are looking for. There are many places to search for web developer tasks. Most popular online networks are; LinkedIn, Indeed, Glassdoor, StackOverflow, GitHub, Authentic Jobs, Codeity, CyberCoders, and Smashing Jobs
Apart from the internet, there are opportunities in the offline world too. Ask for contacts from companies or friends if they have any knowledge of any vacancies anywhere.
Making sure your Application stand out
This is where you need to consider securing a job. How can you be the best of the rest? Let us look at some ways
Tailor your resumé and cover letter
Looking for a job is time-consuming. If you want to get a web developer job, you must direct your curriculum Vitaes and cover letters to the different jobs you are applying for.
Be attentive to:
- Vocabulary: interviewers will be going through your CV for specific keywords. Choose the most crucial keywords from the job description and optimize your resumé for those exact terms.
- Show the right skills: it is vital to showcase the skills as well as the experience that match the job in your resume and cover letters. Even if you have a great wide skillset, focus on those skills that are necessary to the role.
- Offer relevant examples: provide examples of which works you have done. Provide examples that can be verified. Give different instances of the best tasks you have ever done.
Optimize your online profiles
An online presence can help you or break you. Everything nowadays is online, and most interviewers tend to look for employees online, so you need to strive to have the best impression.
Put your professional profiles on sites such as LinkedIn and AngelList. The information provided should be current and must include skills, experience and qualifications. also, upload a photo that is a profession. Arm your skills with a brief, fascinating heading that comprises who you are in one or two sentences.
Finally, confirm that your social media provided is either private or has no information that may not dissuade an employer
Polish your portfolio
Your portfolio should be polished and should comprise the following Introduce you to potential employers, clients and contacts
- Summary of your skills and places you are proficient in.
- Show projects you’ve worked on
- Give contact details
- Share links to your GitHub projects and social media accounts update your portfolio to current with all your latest projects besides with the correct contact information before applying for a job. A website portfolio isn’t a place to host your plans, but it’s a portfolio itself.
Share your code on GitHub
Share your code on Github to showcase all your information to employers.
Building a GitHub account and often providing contributions shows potential employers that you’re actively using and expanding your skillset.
You must have an active GitHub account prior to sending any applications and include a link.
How can I grow my network and meet new people in the industry?
Networking is crucial for all those wanting to join the web development industry. Emphasize creating a stable environment surrounding you. This will enable you to open up more professional doors.
If you are very new in the field of web developing, networking may seem like intimidating work. There are many ways on how to connect with fellow developers without having a feeling that you are not networking.
Get involved in a hackathon
It offers an excellent opportunity to exercise your skills and interact with new people. It is a design sprint for programmers, combining many developers to work on numerous projects jointly.
Attend tech meetups
Try attending tech meetups. Meetup.com has something for everyone, ranging from casual beginners’ groups to more formal workshops. You don’t need to stick purely to web development groups, either; free or low-cost meetups are a great way to explore your more extensive interests, be it web design, virtual reality, gaming, or something else entirely.
Real-life networking: A word on mindset
For many of us, the idea of standing awkwardly in a room full of strangers, trying to strike up a conversation while handing out business cards, is the very definition of a nightmare. This is why, when it comes to in-person networking, it’s so important to go in with the right mindset
Try not to fixate on the idea that you are there to sell yourself. Instead, focus on the topic at hand and use it to establish common ground with those around you. It’s not about coming away with a job offer — networking should be seen as a long-term strategy. Make genuine connections with people and, over time, your network (and professional opportunities!) will grow organically.
Join online communities
Of course, there are also plenty of networking opportunities in the online world, with StackOverflow, WebDeveloper.com, GitHub, CodeProject and Bytes among the most popular hangouts for developers. Engage in discussions, share your work and keep up with the latest industry news while making valuable contacts along the way.
How can I impress at the interview?
You’ve gained hands-on experience, networked hard and sent an outstanding application. Finally, you’ve landed an interview! Now for the final hurdle: acing the interview and securing your first web developer role.
When it comes to giving a good interview, you need to convince the interviewer that you’ve mastered the right skills and can hit the ground running. At the same time, you need to demonstrate genuine passion and enthusiasm for the role.
So how can you put your best foot forward?
Prepare for a coding challenge or technical test
At the same time, be honest about what you do and don’t know. If you’re going for your first ever web developer role, you’re not expected to know everything. Emphasize the fact that, while you don’t know XYZ yet, you are a quick learner and would be keen to pick it up. This will earn you much more credibility than pretending to be an expert.
Research and engage
This seems like the most obvious interview advice: researching the company and knowing what they do. However, this doesn’t mean scanning their “About” page and being able to recite their products and services. Employers want to see that you truly grasp what the
company does — and most importantly, where your role as web developer fits into this.
Make sure you can talk confidently and knowledgeably about their mission and how you can contribute. Frame your answers within the context of the company, and ask questions that show you’re interested and engaged.
Don’t forget about teamwork!
A large part of being a good web developer is teamwork. You won’t just be coding behind a computer: you’ll need to collaborate with designers, other developers, marketers, product owners, even the CEO.
Amid all the technicalities, solid communication skills and team spirit will earn you significant bonus points. Employers want to be sure that you’ll work well with others and bring a positive attitude to the office. Convey this in your interview, and you’ll be well on your way to a job offer!
So there you have it: the ultimate starter pack for landing your very first web developer role.